Footnotes (2024 postings)

Alma Mary Vadnais and Lewis Charles Heckel (May 24, 2024 and June 14, 2024)

1 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Return of Births (Village of White Bear, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #202, ——- Vadnais, 15 February 1892.

2 “Baptism Register,” p 80 [stamped], 21 February 1892, Mary Alma Vadnais, Church of St. Mary of White Bear Lake, Diocese of St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota.

3 Minnesota State Census, population schedule, 1905, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear village, Enumeration District (ED) 51, p 231-232 [interpolated from stamped numbers on preceding and succeeding pages], lines 37-40 & 1-3, Jennie Vadnais family.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1058/images/mnsc_144-0320?pId=3341181 : accessed 12 Aug 2021), images 230 & 231 of 237; State Library and Records Service, St. Paul.

4 “Minnesota, County Deaths, 1850-2001,” database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-95JZ-HGV?cc=2185953&wc=36TN-FMH%3A1583719402%2C1583720505 : accessed 20 Jun 2021), vol 2, image 5 of 37; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

5 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1940, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear Lake city, Enumeration District (ED) 62-12; p 8A [stamped and handwritten], visitation #130, line 14, Alma Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2442/images/m-t0627-01950-01022?pId=99117041 : accessed 12 Aug 2021), page 15 of 38, citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 1950.

6 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #15908, Lewis Heckel Sr., birth August 27, 1877.

7 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 62.

8 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1880, Minnesota, Dakota County, Mendota, Enumeration District (ED) 191, p 20 [handwritten], dwelling 163, family 163, line 6, Frederick Hakle [Heckel] family.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6742/images/4242001-00719?pId=32699441 : accessed 14 April 2024), citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 617.

9 1885 Minnesota State Census, Washington County, population schedule, Grant, p 4 [handwritten], line 25, Frederick Heckley [Heckel] family.; database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-68L3-TBZ?view=index&personArk=%2Fark%3A%2F61903%2F1%3A1%3AMQFM-QNY&action=view  : accessed 14 April 2024).

10 Paul Clifford Larson, A Walk Through Dellwood, p 38 (City of Dellwood, 2007).

11 “White Bear Wave’s,” St Paul Globe, vol XI, #223 (August 11, 1889): p 13, col 5.

12 Hillside Cottage, Dellwood, Richard Heckel

13 James Lonergan, Justice of the Peace, “The Village of White Bear against Lewis Heckel and Harry Goheen,” 1 November 1896, Minnesota, Ramsey County, Village of White Bear.

14 1900 U.S. Census, Ramsey County, Minnesota, population schedule, White Bear Lake village, Enumeration District (ED) 0155, p 13B [handwritten & stamped], dwelling 257, family 261, line 74, Lewis Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7602/images/4120305_00541?pId=27038144 : accessed 14 April 2024), image 26 of 26; citing NARA microfilm publication T623, record group 29.

15 “New Incorporations,” St. Paul Globe, vol XXVII, #48 (February 17, 1904): p 2, col 4.

16 1905 Minnesota State Census, Ramsey County, population schedule, White Bear village, Enumeration District (ED) 51, p 235 [handwritten], line 20, Lewis C. Heckel.; database with images, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1058/images/mnsc_144-0323?pId=3341284 : accessed 14 April 2024), images 234 of 237; State Library and Records Service, St. Paul; citing MNSC_144.

17 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 62.

18 St. Mary of the Lake Catholic Church (White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota) digital church records held at White Bear Lake Area Historical Society, Heckel and Cardinal wedding, June 23, 1905.

19 “Minnesota, Births and Christenings Index, 1840-1980,” Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Birth (White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota), Lewis Charles Heckel Jr., July 1, 1906

20 “Death, Record Index, 1870-1919, Ramsey County, Minnesota,” Register of Deaths 1906, White Bear Village, p. 1, line 11, Baby Heckel [Lewis Charles Heckel Jr.], 15 September 1906.;  database with images, FamilySearch.org  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5JZ-HGD?i=3&wc=36TN-FMH%3A1583719402%2C1583720505&cc=2185953 : accessed 14 April 2024), image 4 of 37; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

21 “Death, Record Index, 1870-1919, Ramsey County, Minnesota,” Register of Deaths 1906, White Bear Village, p. 1, line 15, Lena Heckel, 7 January 1908.;  database with images, FamilySearch.org  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5JZ-HGD?i=3&wc=36TN-FMH%3A1583719402%2C1583720505&cc=2185953 : accessed 14 April 2024), image 4 of 37; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

22 “Minnesota, County Marriages, 1860-1949,” #272, Lewis C. Heckel, Alma M. Vadnais, license dated 26 November 1909, certificate dated 27 November 1909, p 77.; database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GB6N-X1S?i=302&wc=MRJT-BZQ%3A1060646701&cc=1803974 : accessed 14 April 2024), image 303 of 787.

23 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1910, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 0163; p 12B [interpolated from stamped numbers on preceding and succeeding pages], dwelling 282, family 286, line 93, Lewis C. Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7884/images/31111_4330244-01078?pId=146033254  accessed 15 April 2024), page 26 of 31, citing NARA microfilm publication T624, record group 29, FHL microfilm 1374733.

24 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1910, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 0163; p 12B [interpolated from stamped numbers on preceding and succeeding pages], dwelling 257, family 260, line 58, Jennie Vadnais.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7884/images/31111_4330244-01076?pId=146033118 : accessed 12 Aug 2021), page 24 of 31, citing NARA microfilm publication T624, record group 29, FHL microfilm 1374733.

25 Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/772981/marvin_francis-heckel: accessed May 27, 2024), memorial page for Marvin Francis Heckel (5 Jun 1910–19 May 1969), Find a Grave Memorial ID 772981, citing Fort Snelling National Cemetery, Minneapolis, Hennepin County, Minnesota, USA; Maintained by Sue Butterfield Picard (contributor 47207644).

26 “Minnesota, Births and Christenings Index, 1840-1980,” Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Birth (White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota), Cornelius Charles Heckel, 27 December 1913.

27 “Minnesota, County Birth Records, 1863-1983,” number 141, Veronica Mina Heckel, 4 June 1916.; Database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5J7-94ZH?i=35&wc=3XS2-MNB%3A212884601%2C213162101&cc=1920099 : accessed 27 May 2024, image 36 of 376; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

28 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 64.

29 U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Order # A348, Lewis Charles Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6482/images/005253072_03873?pId=28701831 : accessed 27 May 2024), image 97 of 197.

30 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 64.

31 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1920, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 152; p 17A [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 389, family 397, line 24, Jennie Vadnies [Vadnais].; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6061/images/4312204-00574?pId=47876323 : accessed 12 Aug 2021),  page 33 of 41, citing NARA microfilm publication T625_856, record group 29.

32 Unknown author, “Honey! Honey! Honey!” ad, White Bear Press (Friday, September 18, 1908): page unknown.

33 “Minnesota, County Birth Records, 1863-1983,” number 144, Lewis Chas. Heckel, 10 November 1922.; Database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-95J7-9W29?i=142&wc=3XS2-MNB%3A212884601%2C213162101&cc=1920099 : accessed 27 May 2024, image 143 of 376; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

34 “Minnesota, County Birth Records, 1863-1983,” number 107, Doris Kath. Heckel, 25 May 1924.; Database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-95J7-9W29?i=142&wc=3XS2-MNB%3A212884601%2C213162101&cc=1920099 : accessed 27 May 2024, image 180 of 376; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

35 Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/146775010/hugh_bernard-heckel: accessed May 27, 2024), memorial page for Hugh Bernard Heckel (28 Jan 1928–19 May 2015), Find a Grave Memorial ID 146775010, citing Saint Mary of the Lake Cemetery, White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA; Maintained by RAE (contributor 48167119).

36 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1930, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 0178; p 5A [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 89, family 89, lines 2-10, Lewis Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6224/images/4610068_00274?pId=78586115 : accessed 27 May 2024), page 9 of 53, citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1114, FHL microfilm: 2340849.

37 Unknown author, “Lewis Heckel Passes Away,” White Bear Press (Thursday, April 9, 1964): page unknown.

38 Paul Clifford Larson, A Walk Through Dellwood (City of Dellwood, 1 January 2007), pp 38-39.

39 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 64.

40 Letter to George Albert Vadnais (original), 2 November 1940, privately held by S. Crothers, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, 2024. Inherited from her father, George Albert Vadnais.

41 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, pp 63- 64.

42 Unknown Author, “Words and Pictures Tweak Memories,” St. Mary Alumni Newsletter, unknown year, unknown page.

43 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1940, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear Lake city, Enumeration District (ED) 62-12; p 8A [stamped and handwritten], visitation #130, line 13-20, Louis [Lewis] Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2442/images/m-t0627-01950-01022?pId=99117041 : accessed 27 May 2024), page 15 of 38, citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 1950.

44 U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards Fourth Registration for the State of Minnesota, 1942, Serial No. U334, Lewis Charles Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1002/images/44474_03_00003-01467?pId=18198818 : accessed 27 May 2024), images 1468 & 1469 of 2086.

45 Richard Heckel, Descendants of Pierre Remi Vadenay, p 71.

46 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1950, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear Lake, Enumeration District (ED) 62-34; p 14 [handwritten], house #120, lines 9-12, Lewis Heckel.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/62308/images/43290879-Minnesota-166897-0014?pId=93031920 : accessed 17 May 2024), page 14 of 50, citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 1950.

47 Unknown author, “Lewis Heckel Passes Away,” White Bear Press (Thursday, April 9, 1964): page unknown.

48 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #15908, Lewis Heckel Sr., 6 April 1964.

49 Unknown author, “Lewis Heckel Passes Away,” White Bear Press (Thursday, April 9, 1964): page unknown.

50 Letters to Alma Heckel (original), 9 March 1976 and Unknown month and date 1976, privately held by C. Cooley, White Bear Lake, Ramsey, Minnesota, 2024. Inherited from her father, Robert William Vadnais.

51 Unknown author, “White Bear Lake Care Center,” White Bear Press (June 1974): page unknown.

52 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #026874, Alma M. Heckel, 5 October 1976.

53Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/50539083/alma_mary_victoria-heckel: accessed May 27, 2024), memorial page for Alma Mary Victoria Vadnais Heckel (15 Jan 1892–5 Oct 1976), Find a Grave Memorial ID 50539083, citing Saint Mary of the Lake Cemetery, White Bear Lake, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA; Maintained by Cynthia Vadnais (contributor 49980879).


Eveline (Evelyn) Peltier (May 17, 2024)

1 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Return of Births (Town of White Bear, Ramsey County, Minnesota), page 352 [stamped], Eveline Peltier, 12 February 1901.

2 Little Canada Historical Society, Little Canada, Ramsey County, Minnesota, St. John’s Church digital records, Mariam Evodium Peltier baptism, February 17, 1901.

3 “Minnesota, County Deaths, 1850-2001,” Eveline Pertier, 24 February 1901.; database with images, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5QB-9N79?i=38&wc=36TN-DPV%3A1583719402%2C1583719401&cc=2185953  : accessed 23 December 2023), image 39 of 57; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

4Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/262418817/eveline-peltier: accessed 23 December 2023), memorial page for Eveline Peltier (12 Feb 1901–24 Feb 1901), Find a Grave Memorial ID 262418817, citing Saint Johns Cemetery, Little Canada, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA; Maintained by Cynthia Vadnais (contributor 49980879).


Cleveland Peter Peltier and Mabel Caroline Erhardt (April 18, May 10, 2024)

1 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Return of Births (Town of White Bear, Ramsey County, Minnesota), page 17 [stamped], Peter Cleveland Peltier, 29 May 1895.

2 Little Canada Historical Society, Little Canada, Ramsey County, Minnesota, St. John’s Church digital records, Petrum Clevenum Peltier baptism, June 2, 1895.

3 1900 U.S. Census, Minnesota, Ramsey County, population schedule, White Bear township, Enumeration District (ED) 0156, p 7B [handwritten & stamped], dwelling 119, family 119, lines 62-70, Albert Pelkie [Peltier] – Leo Pelkie [Leon Peltier].; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7602/images/4120305_00555?pId=27038824 : accessed 18 Feb 2023), citing NARA microfilm publication T623, record group 29.

4 “Death, Record Index, 1870-1919, no 1, Ramsey County, Minnesota,” line 15, Eveline Pertier [Peltier], 24 February 1901.; database with images, FamilySearch.org  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5QB-9N79?i=38&wc=36TN-DPV%3A1583719402%2C1583719401&cc=2185953 : accessed 21 December 2023), image 39 of 57; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

5 1905 Minnesota State Census, population schedule, Ramsey County, White Bear township, Enumeration District (ED) 51, p173 [interpolated from handwritten numbers on preceding and succeeding pages], lines 45-54, Albert Peltier family.; digital image, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9Q97-YSYC-17R?i=20&wc=M8SG-X68%3A67006201%2C67662101&cc=1503056 : accessed 18 Feb 2023), image 21 of 42; State Library and Records Service, St. Paul.

6 U.S. census, population schedule, 1910, Minnesota, Ramsey Co., White Bear Township, Enumeration District (ED) 162; p 2A [handwritten and stamped], dwelling 22, family 22, lines 24-32, Albert J. Peltier family.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7884/images/31111_4330244-01025?pId=146030668 : accessed 23 Feb 2022), image 3 of 29, citing NARA microfilm publication T624_720, FHL microfilm: 1374733.

7 Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/262418610/edgar-joseph-peltier: accessed 06 February 2024), memorial page for Edgar Joseph “Benjamin Jean Joseph” Peltier (7 Feb 1906–5 Apr 1907), Find a Grave Memorial ID 262418610, citing Saint John’s Cemetery, Little Canada, Ramsey County, Minnesota, USA; Maintained by Cynthia Vadnais (contributor 49980879).

8 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1910, Minnesota, Ramsey County, White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 0163; p 3B [handwritten & stamped], family 67, line 78, Vina M. Peltier in the household of Elizabeth E. Edgar.; digital image, FamilySearch.org (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RVM-7X3?i=5&cc=1727033 : accessed 10 November 2023), page 6 of 31, citing NARA microfilm publication T624_720.  FHL roll #1374733.

9 “Minnesota, County Birth Records, 1863-1983, (Ramsey County, White Bear, Minnesota),” p. 207 [stamped], Clement John Peltier, November 22, 1912.;  database with images, FamilySearch.org  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5JM-7G7?i=106&wc=3XSK-FM7%3A212884601%2C212884602&cc=1920099 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 107 of 153; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

10 U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, No. 124, Cleveland P. Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6482/images/005253072_04777?pId=28702734 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 44 of 155.

11 U.S., Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1861-1985, Cleveland Peter Peltier, Service #2145869, enlisted 24 February 1918.;  digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2375/images/2375_12_01058-03754?pId=4994298 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 3755 of 4071.; National Archives at St. Louis; St. Louis, Misssouri, USA;; NAID: 6016127; Record Group Number: 15; Record Group Title: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773-2007.

12 The 56th Engineers in the World War (Albany, New York, Brandow Printing Company, 1920), Alexander Macomber, pp 5-10.; digital image, archive.org (https://archive.org/details/56thengineersinw00maco/page/n7/mode/2up?view=theater : accessed 22 December 2023.

13 U.S., Army Transport Service Arriving and Departing Passenger Lists, 1910-1939, Wilhelmina, Cleveland Peter Peltier, Service #2145869, departure date 10 May 1918.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61174/images/44509_3421606189_0309-00111?pId=3286246 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 42 of 935, The National Archives at College Park; College Park, Maryland; Record Group Title: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774-1985; Record Group Number: 92; Roll or Box Number: 612.

14 U.S., Army Transport Service Arriving and Departing Passenger Lists, 1910-1939, Rijndam, Cleveland Peter Peltier, Service #2145869, departure date 13 April 1919.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/61174/images/46920_3421606189_0177-00957?pId=7767957 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 627 of 788, The National Archives at College Park; College Park, Maryland; Record Group Title: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, 1774-1985; Record Group Number: 92; Roll or Box Number: 281.

15 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1920, Minnesota, Ramsey County, St. Paul Ward 8, Enumeration District (ED) 99; p 15B [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 265, family 322, line 60, Peter Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6061/images/4312203-00391?pId=47822081 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 30 of 43, citing NARA microfilm publication T625_855, record group 29.

16 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1920 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1920), p 1128.

17 “Minnesota, County Birth Records, 1863-1983, (Washington County, Oneka, Minnesota),” —– Edhardt, December 20, 1902.;  database with images, FamilySearch.org  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G5QP-SLB7?i=167&wc=3XSV-L24%3A212910501%2C212906801&cc=1920099 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 168 of 350; multiple county courthouses, Minnesota.

18 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1920, Minnesota, Washington County, Oneka, Enumeration District (ED) 173; p 6B [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 111, family 112, line 67, Mabel Erhardt.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6061/images/4312214-00741?pId=71771715 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 12 of 22, citing NARA microfilm publication T625_866, record group 29.

19 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1921 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1921), p 550.

20 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1922 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1922).

21 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1930, Minnesota, Ramsey County, White Bear, Enumeration District (ED) 0177; p 5A [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 94, family 94, line 32, Mabel Erhardt.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6224/images/4610068_00228?pId=78588675 : accessed 22 December 2023), page 9 of 45, citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1114, FHL microfilm: 2340849.

22 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1930, Minnesota, Ramsey County, St. Paul City, Enumeration District (ED) 0014; p 15B [stamped and handwritten], dwelling 208, family 248, line 78, Cleveland P. Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6224/images/4610069_00133?pId=102550068 : accessed 22 December 2023), page 26 of 56, citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1114, FHL microfilm: 2340850.

23 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1930 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1930), p 1129.

24 Unknown author, “Peltier-Erhardt,” White Bear Press, Vol XXXV, #27, (Thursday, September 18, 1930): p 2, col 5 and also Minnesota Marriage License and Certificate #571, Cleveland P. Peltier, Mabel C. Erhardt, license dated September 11, 1930, certificate of marriage dated September 13, 1930, filed, September 15, 1930.

25 Ibid.

26 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Birth (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #44517, Mary Jane Peltier, 1 August 1931.

27 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1931 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1931), p 977.

28 St. Paul, Minnesota, City Directory 1932 (St. Paul: R. L. Polk & Co., 1932), p 911.

29 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Birth (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #43434, Carol Jean Peltier, 20 July 1934.

30 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #26208, Carol Jean Peltier, 18 October 1939.

31 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1940, Minnesota, Ramsey County, St. Paul City, Enumeration District (ED) 90-35; p 15A [stamped and handwritten], visitation #307, line 5, Cleveland Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2442/images/m-t0627-01995-00152?pId=97514956 : accessed 22 December 2023), page 29 of 36, citing NARA microfilm.

32 U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards Fourth Registration for the State of Minnesota, 1942, Serial No. 775, Cleveland Peter Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1002/images/44474_06_00021-01951?pId=18485076 : accessed 22 December 2023), images 1952 & 1953 of 2062.

33 U.S. Census, population schedule, 1950, Minnesota, Ramsey County, St. Paul, Enumeration District (ED) 90-66; sheet #18, house #1155, line 22, Cleveland Peltier.; digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/62308/images/43290879-Minnesota-054144-0019?pId=92984923 : accessed 22 December 2023), page 19 of 31.

34 “Peltier, Cleveland P.,” ——— Press, (November 1977), article about death and obituary.

35 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #028963, Cleveland P. Peltier.

36 “Peltier, Cleveland P.,” ——— Press, (November 1977), article about death and obituary.

37 Little Canada Historical Society, Little Canada, Ramsey County, Minnesota, St. John’s Church digital records, #32, Cleveland P. Peltier burial record, death November 6, 1977, burial November 8, 1977.

38 U.S., Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1861-1985, Cleveland Peter Peltier, Service #2145869, enlisted 24 February 1918.;  digital image, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2375/images/2375_12_01058-03754?pId=4994298 : accessed 22 December 2023), image 3755 of 4071.; National Archives at St. Louis; St. Louis, Misssouri, USA;; NAID: 6016127; Record Group Number: 15; Record Group Title: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, 1773-2007.

39 Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Vital Statistics, Certificate of Death (St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota), #029043, Mabel E. Peltier.